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Abner Doubleday

Born: June 26, 1819, Ballston Spa, New York
Died: January 26, 1893, (age 74) Mendham, New Jersey

Abner Doubleday - Trivia powered by ABEAbner Doubleday was a career United States Army officer and Union general in the American Civil War. He fired the first shot in defense of Fort Sumter, the opening battle of the war, and had a pivotal role in the early fighting at the Battle of Gettysburg. 

Gettysburg was his finest hour, but his relief by Maj. Gen. George G. Meade caused lasting enmity between the two men.

Doubleday died of heart disease in Mendham, New Jersey.

What do you know about Abner Doubleday?  Hit this quick quiz.

1. When did Doubleday attend United States Military Academy at West Point?

2. After graduation, where did Doubleday initially serve?

3. After the Battle of Gettysburg, what did he command?

4. Who did he testily against in a congressional joint committee?

5. Where was he assigned to after the Civil War?

6. What was he given a patent for during his stay in San Francisco?

7. What is Doubleday credited as inventing?

8. Where is Abner Doubleday buried?


1. Abner practiced as a surveyor and civil engineer for two years before entering the United States Military Academy in 1838, from which he graduated in 1842, 24th in a class of 56 cadets, and was commissioned a brevet second lieutenant in the 3rd U.S. Artillery.

2. Doubleday initially served in coastal garrisons and then in the Mexican-American War from 1846 to 1848 and the Seminole Wars from 1856 to 1858.

3. Doubleday assumed mostly administrative duties in the defenses of Washington, D.C., where his only return to combat was directing a portion of the defenses against the attack by Confederate Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early in the Valley Campaigns of 1864.

4. Also while in Washington, Doubleday testified against George Meade at the United States Congress Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War, criticizing him harshly over his conduct of the Battle of Gettysburg.

5. After the Civil War, Doubleday mustered out of the volunteer service on August 24, 1865, reverted to the rank of lieutenant colonel, and became the colonel of the 35th U.S. Infantry in September 1867. He was stationed in San Francisco from 1869 through 1871.

6. He took out a patent for the cable car railway that still runs there, receiving a charter for its operation, but signing away his rights when he was reassigned.

7. The lore of baseball credits Doubleday with inventing the game, supposedly in Elihu Phinney's cow pasture in Cooperstown, New York, in 1839.

Angels on your pillow8. Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia.

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