Fort Larned National Historic Site
1767 KS Hwy 156
Larned, KS 67550-5357
Phone: Visitor Center
Larned National Historic Site, located six miles west of Larned,
Kansas, preserves Fort Larned, which operated from 1859 to 1878.
Fort Larned was established to protect traffic along the
Santa Fe Trail from hostile American Indians, and as an agency for
the administration of the Central Plains Indians by the Bureau of
Indian Affairs under the terms of the Fort Wise Treaty of 1861.
The fort's service ended as a combination of the tribes'
relocation to reservations and the completion of railroads across
Kansas that ended the need for the Santa Fe Trail.
Fort Larned was the site of a meeting between General Winfield
Scott Hancock and several Cheyenne chiefs on April 12, 1867, in
which Hancock intended to impress the Dog Soldier chiefs with his
military power. Following that meeting, Hancock, along with George
Armstrong Custer and the 7th U.S. Cavalry traveled west of Fort
Larned to a combined Cheyenne and Lakota camp, inciting the
villagers to flee. Hancock ordered the village burned, beginning a
summer of warfare known as Hancock's War. Fort Larned assisted in
bringing Hancock's War to an end by supplying the Medicine Lodge
With nine historic buildings, the fort survives as one of the
best-preserved examples of Indian Wars-period forts. Most of the
buildings, including the barracks, commissary, and officers
quarters, are furnished to their original appearance.
Fort Larned National Historic Site is open daily, year-round.
Admission is free. The park offers several special events throughout
the year, living history demonstrations, and ranger-guided tours.
Visit National Park Service: Fort
Larned National Historic Site for the official park website.
The following units were stationed at Fort Larned during its
nineteen years of operation:
- 1st U.S. Cavalry - 1859
- 2nd U.S. Infantry - 1859-1863
- 2nd U.S. Dragoons - 1860-1861
- 2nd Kansas Volunteer Cavalry - 1862
- 9th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry - 1862-1864
- 2nd Colorado Volunteer Cavalry - 1862-1865
- 9th Battery, Wisconsin Light Artillery - 1862-1865
- 1st Colorado Volunteer Cavalry - 1862-1864
- 12th Kansas Volunteer Infantry - 1863
- McLain’s Independent Colorado Volunteer Battery - 1864
- 15th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry - 1864-1865
- 3rd Wisconsin Volunteer Cavalry - 1864
- 11th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry - 1864-1865
- 2nd U.S. Volunteer Infantry - 1865-1866
- 48th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry - 1865
- 17th Illinois Volunteer Cavalry - 1865
- 2nd U.S. Cavalry - 1865-1866
- 13th U.S. Infantry - 1865
- 3rd U.S. Infantry - 1866-1872
- 37th U.S. Infantry - 1867
- 10th U.S. Cavalry - 1867-1869
- 6th U.S. Infantry - 1871-1872
- 5th U.S. Infantry - 1872-1874
- 19th U.S. Infantry - 1874-1878
Pack a picnic lunch and make a day of
your visit to Fort Larned!
A picnic area with several picnic shelters, fresh water, shade
trees, and restrooms is located at the entrance to Fort Larned
National Historic site. The picnic area is only open during the
park's open hours