Nez Perce National Historical Park
PO Box 1000
Lapwai, ID 83540
WELCOME to Nez Perce National Historical Park
Since time immemorial, the Nimiipuu or Nez Perce have lived among
the rivers, canyons and prairies of the inland northwest. Despite
the cataclysmic change of the past two centuries, the Nez Perce are
Join us in exploring the park's thirty-eight sites and
experiencing the story of a people who are still part of this
The Nez Perce National Historical Park is a National Historical
Park comprising 38 sites located throughout the states of Idaho,
Montana, Oregon, and Washington which are the traditional American
Indian lands of the Nez Perce.
The sites commemorate the history, culture, and stories of the
people. Its headquarters are located in Lapwai, Idaho.
Hole National Battlefield
Early on the morning of August 9, 1877,
soldiers under the command of Colonel John Gibbon unleashed an
attack on the quiet camp of Nez Perce. Gibbon's attack was repulsed,
but at a great cost to the Nez Perce, making the battle at Big Hole
the bloodiest single day in the four month long struggle between
certain bands of the Nez Perce, their allies, and the U.S. Army.
On September 29, 1877 800 men women and
children made camp on Snake Creek, forty miles from the Canadian
Border. At dawn the next day, the U.S. Army attacked the camp,
beginning a siege that would last until October 5, when Chief Joseph
ended the siege. This quiet and compelling site is sacred ground for
all who fought here and looks much the way it did in 1877.
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