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Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Martinsburg Shops

300 East Martin StreetBaltimore and Ohio Railroad Martinsburg Shops
Martinsburg, West Virginia

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Martinsburg Shops is a historic industrial district in Martinsburg, West Virginia.  It is significant both for its railroading architecture by Albert Fink and John Rudolph Niernsee and for its role in the Great Railroad Strike of 1877.  It consists of three contributing buildings. 

The presence of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company in Martinsburg dates back to the late 1840s when the first engine and machine shops were erected for the expanding company.

  • It was declared a National Historic Landmark on July 31, 2003.

The shops are a unique example of innovative 19th century engineering and industrial architecture. The roundhouse is supported by an early cast-iron framing system devised by renowned railroad engineer and manager, Albert Fink.

These shops were also the center of a social uprising known as the "Great Railway Strike of 1877," a pivotal episode in American labor history that marked a new beginning of industrial conflict and change. 

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