Signature on the Declaration of Independence
Samuel Adams (September 27 [O.S.
September 16] 1722 – October 2, 1803) was an American statesman,
political philosopher, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United
States. As a politician in colonial Massachusetts, Adams was a leader
of the movement that became the American Revolution, and was one of
the architects of the principles of American republicanism that shaped
the political culture of the United States. He was a second cousin to
President John Adams.
Born in Boston, Adams was brought up in a religious and politically
active family. A graduate of Harvard College, he was an unsuccessful
businessman and tax collector before concentrating on politics.
As an influential official of the Massachusetts House of
Representatives and the Boston Town Meeting in the 1760s, Adams was a
part of a movement opposed to the British Parliament's efforts to tax
the British American colonies without their consent.