A mushroom is the
spore-forming part of a fungus.
A serving of mushrooms
can contain 1/3 of a person's daily need for selenium.
Mushrooms contain large amounts of riboflavin, plus decent
amounts of niacin and pantothenic acid. Mushrooms contain
a small amount of naturally occurring MSG. A serving of
mushrooms contains about 10% of a person's daily need for
potassium. Mushrooms are low in calories.
Types of Mushroom
This medium-sized brown
mushroom has an earthy taste. It is primarily used in
Japanese cuisine. Dried shiitake are often preferred over
Common or white mushroom
This is the typical
mushroom used on pizza and generally in Italian cuisine.
These mushrooms taste much better when cooked. They are
commonly available pre-cooked and pre-sliced in cans and
jars; the see-through jars generally have better quality.
Also called: Agaricus bisporus, cultivated
mushroom, and champignon de Paris.
This is an overgrown
crimini (brown) mushroom (head is 4"-6" in
diameter). It often barbequed without the stalk, to be
used as a vegetarian substitute for a hamburger. A common
alternate spelling is "Portobella".
This is a small mushroom
well-suited to stir fry and often available canned. Straw
mushrooms look like Smurf houses.
This is a very tall and
narrow mushroom sometimes added to soup, particularly in