Kielbasa, Kovbasa, Kolbasa, and Kubasa are common North American
Anglicization for a type of Eastern European sausage. Synonyms
include Polish sausage, Ukrainian sausage, etc. In English, these
words refer to a particular genre of sausage, common to all Eastern
European countries but with substantial regional variations. In the
Slavic languages, these are the generic words for all types of
sausage, local or foreign.
Etymology and usage
The terms entered English
simultaneously from different sources, which accounts for the
different spellings. Usage varies between cultural groups, but
overall there is a distinction between American and Canadian usage.
In the United States, the form kielbasa is more often used and
comes from the Polish kiełbasa "sausage", perhaps a derivation from
the Turkic k�l bast� "grilled cutlet". In New Jersey, Pennsylvania
and most areas of Greater New York City, the Czech pronunciation, or
possibly a derivative of the Polish word is used, and is usually
pronounced "ke-bah-see" or "keu-bah-sah".
In addition to kielbasa, Canadians also use the word kubasa , a
corruption of the Ukrainian kovbasa, and Albertans even abbreviate
it as kubie to refer to the sausage eaten on a hot dog bun.
United States (general)
In the U.S.,
"kielbasa" almost always means some form of wiejska (although often
not U-shaped and seldom containing veal), which may be unsmoked
("fresh") or fully or partly smoked. There is also a brand of
sausage pronounced the same but spelled Kiolbassa Sausage.
Page 1 of 1