Cayenne pepper is a
very hot red powder used to flavor dishes. The powder
comes from the dried fruit of various extra-hot Capsicum
pepper plants, especially C. frutescens. The name
is derived from the Tupi word kyinha, literally "hot
It is used in cooking
various spicy hot dishes. Cayenne is generally rated at
30,000 to 50,000 Scoville Units.
Cayenne pepper is an
essential ingredient in Cajun cuisine.