is a pudding-like food made from milk fermented in a
culture of (typically) Lactobacillus delbrueckii
bulgaricus and Streptococcus salivarius
thermophilus. At the end of the process, the yogurt is
usually heated to kill the bacteria. "Live active
culture" is a type of yogurt that has the live
bacteria still in it. Some people believe that this
"live" yogurt has special health benefits.
Lactic and other acids
produced during fermentation give it a slightly sour
taste. It is usually eaten with fruit or jam.
Yogurt can also be used
as a garnish for savoury food, particularly in the Middle
East and South Asia. It is the basis for raita.
Yogurt can also be
substituted for buttermilk when baking, as in the recipe
for Corn Muffins.