Italian Home Cooking
Italian cuisine as a national cuisine known today has evolved through
centuries of social and political changes, with its roots traced back to
4th century BC. Significant change occurred with discovery of the New
World which helped shape much of what is known as Italian cuisine today
with the introduction of items such as potatoes, tomatoes, bell pepper and
maize, which are all central parts of the cuisine but not introduced in
scale until the 18th century.
- Rice and Risotto
- Pizza and Focaccia
- Poultry and Game
- Red Meats
- Sausages and Prosciutto
- Fish and Seafood
- Olives and Olive Oil
- Balsamic Vinegar
Ingredients and dishes vary by region. There are many significant
regional dishes that have become both national and regional. Many dishes
that were once regional, however, have proliferated in different
variations across the country in the present day.
Cheese and wine are also a major part of the cuisine, playing different
roles both regionally and nationally with their many variations and
Denominazione di origine controllata (DOC) (regulated appellation) laws.
Coffee, and more specifically espresso, has become highly important to the
cultural cuisine of Italy.