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Colter, Mary Jane, Buildings

South Rim, Grand Canyon National Park, P.O. Box 129Colter, Mary Jane, Buildings
Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona

  • It was declared a National Historic Landmark on May 28, 1987.

These four structures reflect the Mary Elizabeth Jane Colter's important work in Park architecture over the first three decades of the 20th century.

The Hopi House (1905) is modeled after a Hopi Pueblo and its design was a product of a movement in the Southwest to preserve tangible aspects of Indian cultures.

The Lookout (1914) was the first building, in what became a National Park area, to appear to grow out of the landscape; it serves as a prime lesson in creating architecture harmonious with landscape.

Hermit's Rest (1914) is similar to The Lookout, but has many aspects of a medieval fairytale castle, creating a sense of nostalgia.

Desert View Watchtower (1931) has particularly noteworthy interior spaces based on circular forms; archeology and ethno-history played a large part in the design of this towered overlook.

There are four buildings included in this National Historic Landmark. Hopi House:  There are no threats.  The Watchtower's exterior stone veneer is in serious need of re-pointing of grout joints as it allows, in many places, infiltration of water into the building, damaging structure and significant murals alike.  Roofing and deck membranes need replacement.  The Hermit's Rest is in need of new roofing.  The Lookout has no pressing threats at this time.

A Historic Structure Report was conducted in 2007.

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