Joseph Johnson (Virginia politician)
Joseph Johnson (December 19, 1785 – February 27,
1877) was a United States Representative and was the 32nd Governor
of Virginia from 1852 to 1856.
in Orange County, New York, he moved with his mother to Belvidere,
New Jersey in 1791 and thence to Bridgeport, Virginia (now West
Virginia) in 1801.
He engaged in agricultural pursuits, served in
the War of 1812 as captain of a company of Virginia riflemen, and
was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates in 1815, 1816, and
Johnson was elected to the Eighteenth and
Nineteenth Congresses (March 4, 1823 – March 3, 1827); while a
Representative, he was chairman, Committee on Expenditures on Public
Buildings (Nineteenth Congress). He was an unsuccessful candidate
for reelection in 1826 to the Twentieth Congress and was elected to
the Twenty-second Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death
of Philip Doddridge, serving from January 21 to March 3, 1833; he
was not a candidate for renomination in 1832.
He was elected as a Jacksonian to the
Twenty-fourth Congress and reelected as a Democrat to the
Twenty-fifth and Twenty-sixth Congresses (March 4, 1835 – March 3,
1841); he was chairman of the Committee on Accounts in the
Twenty-fifth and Twenty-sixth Congresses. He declined to be a
candidate for renomination in 1840 and was a delegate to the
Democratic National Convention in 1844.
He was elected to the Twenty-ninth Congress
(March 4, 1845 - March 3, 1847); he was chairman, Committee on
Revolutionary Claims (Twenty-ninth Congress), and declined to be a
candidate for renomination in 1846. He was again a member of
the Virginia House of Delegates in 1847 and 1848, after which he
resumed agricultural pursuits.
He was a delegate to the Virginia Constitutional
Convention of 1850 and 1851 and was elected Governor of Virginia in
1851, serving a short term, and was reelected and entered upon the
duties of the office January 1, 1852, and served four years. He died
in Bridgeport, West Virginia in 1877 and was buried in the old Brick
Johnson was an uncle of Senator Waldo P. Johnson
Several locations are
named after Johnson in Bridgeport, West Virginia including Johnson
Avenue, Johnson Elementary School, and his former home, the Governor
Joseph Johnson House.