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Country Roads In Appalachia

Appalachia is a term used to describe a cultural region in the eastern United States that stretches from the Southern Tier of New York state to northern Alabama, Mississippi, and Georgia.

Appalachia While the Appalachian Mountains stretch from Belle Isle in Canada to Cheaha Mountain in the U.S. state of Alabama, the cultural region of Appalachia typically refers only to the central and southern portions of the range.  As of 2005, the region was home to approximately 23 million people.

Since its recognition as a distinctive region in the late 19th century, Appalachia has been a source of enduring myths and distortions regarding the isolation, temperament, and behavior of its inhabitants. 

Early 20th-century writers focused on sensationalistic aspects of the region's culture, such as moonshining and clan feuding, and often portrayed the region's inhabitants as uneducated and prone to impulsive acts of violence.  Sociological studies in the 1960s and 1970s helped to deconstruct these stereotypes, although popular media continued to perpetuate the image of Appalachia as a culturally backward region into the 21st century.

While endowed with abundant natural resources, Appalachia has long struggled with poverty. In the early 20th century, large-scale logging and coal mining firms brought wage-paying jobs and modern amenities to Appalachia, but by the 1960s the region had failed to capitalize on any long-term benefits from these two industries.

Beginning in the 1930s, the federal government sought to alleviate poverty in the Appalachian region with a series of New Deal initiatives, such as the construction of dams to provide cheap electricity and the implementation of better farming practices. In 1965, the Appalachian Regional Commission was created to further alleviate poverty in the region, mainly by diversifying the region's economy and helping to provide better health care and educational opportunities to the region's inhabitants.

By 1990, Appalachia had largely joined the economic mainstream, but still lagged behind the rest of the nation in most economic indicators.

  • Defining the Appalachian region
    • Etymology and pronunciation
  • History
    • Early history
    • The Appalachian frontier
    • Early 19th century
    • The U.S. Civil War
    • Late 19th and early 20th centuries
    • Economic boom
      • Stereotypes
      • Feuds
    • Modern Appalachia
  • Culture
    • Ethnic groups
    • Religion
    • Dialect
    • Education
    • Music
    • Literature
    • Folklore
    • Urban Appalachians
    • Communications
    • Appalachian studies
  • Economy
    • Agriculture
    • Logging
    • Coal mining
    • Manufacturing
    • Tourism
    • Poverty in Appalachia
    • Appalachian Regional Commission
    • Transportation
  • Popular culture

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