Growing Specific Vegetables
Specific varieties or cultivars are not given in this
publication but may be obtained from the county Extension office.
This information needs to be area specific to be of use,
therefore, the County Extension recommendations are best.
The larger vegetable gardens need a number of perennials.
Asparagus, horseradish, and rhubarb are the most important, but
chives, bottom multiplier onions, and some of the flavoring and
condiment plants, chiefly sage and mint, are also desirable.
Unfortunately, asparagus, horseradish, and rhubarb are not adapted
to conditions in the lower South.
All the perennial crops should be grouped together along one
side of the garden, where they will not interfere with work on the
Greens are usually the leaves and leaf stems of immature
plants, which in their green state are boiled for food. Young,
tender branches of certain plants, New Zealand spinach, for
example, are also used this way.
All the plants treated here as
greens except New Zealand spinach are hardy vegetables, most of
them adapted to fall sowing and winter culture over the entire
South and in the more temperate parts of the North.
Their culture may be extended more widely in the North by
growing them with some protection, such as mulching or frames.
The group known as salad crops includes vegetables that are
usually eaten raw with salt, pepper, vinegar, and salad oil, or
with mayonnaise or other dressings.
This classification is
entirely one of convenience; some vegetables not included in this
group are used in the same way. Some members of this class may be
cooked and used as greens.
Potatoes in the North and sweet potatoes in the South are grown
in almost every garden. Beets, carrots, and turnips are also
widely grown in gardens. The vegetables in this group may be used
throughout the growing season and also be kept for winter.
The vine crops, including cucumbers, muskmelons, pumpkins,
squashes, watermelons, and citrons, are similar in their cultural
In importance to the home gardener they do not compare with
some other groups, especially the root crops and the greens, but
there is a place in most gardens for at least bush squashes and a
few hills of cucumbers.
They all make rank growth and require much space. In large
gardens, muskmelons and watermelons are often desirable.
Beans and peas are among our oldest and most important garden
plants. The popularity of both is enhanced by their wide climatic
and soil adaptation.
The cabbage, or cole, group of vegetables is noteworthy because
of its adaptation to culture in most parts of the country having
fertile soil and sufficient moisture and because of its hardiness
Practically all members of the onion group are adapted to a
wide variety of soils. Some of them can be grown at one time of
the year or another in any part of the country that has fertile
soil and ample moisture. They require but little garden space to
produce enough for a family's needs.
The fleshy-fruited, warm-season vegetables, of which the tomato
is the most important, are closely related and have about the same
cultural requirements. All must have warm weather and fertile,
well-drained soil for good results.
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