lawn is an area of recreational or amenity land planted with
grass, and sometimes clover and other plants, which are maintained
at a low, even height.
Lawns are a standard feature of
ornamental private and public gardens and landscapes in much of the
world today. Lawns are created for aesthetic use in gardens, and for
recreational use, including sports. They are typically planted near
homes, often as part of gardens, and are also used in other
ornamental landscapes and gardens.
Lawns are frequently a feature of
public parks and other spaces. They form the playing surface for
many outdoor sports, reducing erosion and dust as well as providing
a cushion for players in sports such as football, cricket, baseball,
golf, tennis, bocce and stake. In sports venues, the word lawn
is often replaced by turf, pitch, field or green
depending on the sport and the locale.
Many different species of grass are
used, often depending on the intended use of the lawn, with
vigorous, coarse grasses used where active sports are played, and
much finer, softer grasses on ornamental lawns, and partly on
climate, with different grasses adapted to oceanic climates with
cool summers, and tropical and continental climates with hot
summers. It is also not uncommon to mix grass seeds. A 50/50 mixture
of grass types can, for example, form a stronger lawn when one grass
type does better in the warmer seasons and the other is more
resistant to colder weather.