Backyard or Back-garden
A yard is an enclosed area of
land, usually tied to a building. The word comes from the same
linguistic root as the word garden and has many of the same
Indeed both terms can loosely be
used interchangeably, and may thus be maintained by a yardman
(either grounds man or gardener); in a minor, he is called yard
A number of derived words exist,
usually tied to a particular usage or building type. Some are now
archaic. Examples of such words are courtyard, farmyard, and
Today, in North America and
Australia, a yard is any part of a property surrounding or
associated with a residential structure, usually (although not
necessarily) separate from a garden (where plant maintenance is
more formalized). A yard will typically consist mostly of lawn or
The yard in front of a house is
referred to as a front yard, the area at the rear is known as a
backyard. Backyards are generally more private and are thus a more
common location for recreation. Yard size varies with population
density. In urban centers, many houses have very small or even no
yards at all.
In the suburbs, yards are
generally much larger and have room for such amenities as a patio
or swimming pool. A yard in Australia is also a piece of enclosed
land for animals or some other purpose, often referred to cattle,
sheep or stock yards etc.
British English, the above
description would describe a garden, similarly subdivided
into a front-garden and a back-garden. In modern
Britain, the term yard is often used for depots and land adjacent
to or among workplace buildings, as well as uncultivated land
adjoining a building.
The word "yard" came
from the Anglo-Saxon geard, compare "garden"
(German Garten), Old Norse garšr, Russian gorod
= "town" (originally as an "enclosed
fortified area"), Latin hortus = "garden".