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History of the U.S.

Colonial America (1492-1763)

Revolutionary Period (1764-1789)

The New Nation (1790-1828)

Western Expansion & Reform (1829-1859)

Civil War (1860-1865)

Reconstruction (1866-1877)

Gilded Age (1878-1889)

Progressive Era (1890-1913)

Great War & Jazz Age (1914-1928)

Depression & WWII (1929-1945)

Modern Era (1946 - present)

State Histories

Mediterranean Theater of Operations

World War 2The Mediterranean Theater of Operations, United States Army (MTOUSA) was originally called North African Theater of Operations (NATOUSA). It is the American term for the theater of operations between the Allies and Axis Powers in North Africa and Italy during World War II. US operations in the theater began with of the Allied Expeditionary Force, which landed on the beaches of northwest Africa on November 8, 1942, in Operation Torch. They ended in the Italian Alps some 31 months later with the German surrender in May 1945.

Campaigns and Operations

  • Algeria-French Morocco Campaign November 8, 1942–November 11, 1942

  • Anzio Campaign January 22, 1944–May 24, 1944

  • Egypt-Libya Campaign June 11, 1942–February 12, 1943

  • Naples-Foggia Campaign

  • North Apennines Campaign

  • Po Valley Campaign

  • Rome-Arno Campaign

  • Sicily Campaign

  • Southern France Campaign (One month after the invasion, command was passed to SHAEF and the European Theater of Operations)

  • Tunisia Campaign

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