The New Nation
During this time, Americans established their government and two
parties emerged--the Federalists and the Republicans. Americans had a
lot to deal with during this period.
They had to struggle with the need to increase taxes to pay for the
American Revolution as well as deal with the French Revolution which
divided American support between France and Britain. Under President
Jefferson, the country expanded westward with the purchase of the
Louisiana territory and the Lewis and Clark expedition.
The War of 1812 against Britain, sometimes called the Second War of
American Independence, lasted three years. After the war, a mood of
nationalism existed as people focused on events and issues at home.
However, troubles were brewing, particularly on the topic of slavery.
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