US History On This Day
Teddy Roosevelt and the Rough Riders
July 1, 1898
Before becoming President of the United
States, Theodore Roosevelt was the Assistant Secretary of the
Navy. He resigned in 1898 to organize the Rough Riders,
the first voluntary cavalry in the Spanish-American War.
The U.S. was fighting against Spain over Spain's colonial
policies with Cuba. Roosevelt recruited a diverse group of
cowboys, miners, law enforcement officials, and American Indians
to join the Rough Riders. They participated in the capture
of Kettle Hill, and then charged across a valley to assist in
the seizure of San Juan Ridge, the highest point of which is San
The Rough Riders are best remembered for
their charge up San Juan Hill on July 1, 1898.
and his Rough Riders were a colorful group of characters.
During the war, they received the most publicity of any unit in
the army. Have you seen any of those old Westerns where
the posse rides after the bad guys in a cloud of dust?
That's pretty much how the Rough Riders were portrayed. Of
course, the reality was that the Rough Riders didn't win the war
on their own. There were many soldiers and cavalry units
who fought and died in the war.
A few days after the
Rough Riders' charge up San Juan Hill, the Spanish fleet fled
Cuba. It was just a matter of weeks before the war had
ended and the U.S. was victorious.
1782 – American
privateers attack Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.
1902 – The Philippine
Organic Act becomes law. It provides that the lower house of
the Philippine legislature will be elected after the
1903 – U.S. Bureau of
Fisheries within Department of Commerce & Labor.
1904 – The third Modern Olympic Games opens
in St. Louis, Missouri, United States as part of the World's