The Paris Peace Conference
In the fall of 1918, World War I had not
officially ended, but the fighting had stopped. The different
countries had agreed to a series of armistices (temporary
agreements). On January 18, 1919, diplomats from more than
two dozen countries gathered in Paris for a conference to
discuss how to end the war permanently.
lasted a little more than a year. The discussions produced
treaties (formal agreements) with Germany, Austria, and
Who were the leaders at the conference?
British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, President Woodrow
Wilson of the United States, French Premier Georges Clemenceau,
and Premier Vittorio Orlando of Italy became the leaders of the
conference. They were called the Big Four.
conference leaders also discussed a more difficult problem. What
could they do to prevent another war involving so many
President Wilson suggested a plan for peace,
called the Fourteen Points plan. Part of the plan called for
forming the League of Nations to solve disagreements between
countries by talking about the problems instead of fighting
The League of Nations was formed, but it did not
prevent another big war. Just twenty years later, in 1939, World
War II began. It lasted until 1945.
After World War II,
the United Nations replaced the League of Nations. The United
Nations included more countries than the League of Nations. The
United States joined the United Nations in 1945 and is still a