Soldiers are coming! Yankee soldiers! Quick,
pack your bags.
Imagine that tomorrow is February 18,
1865, the day the mayor of Charleston, South Carolina, will
surrender control of the city to the Union Army. The Union
General William T. Sherman is on his way and you have to leave.
What will you take with you? Clothes? A favorite toy? Food? The
citizens of Charleston, South Carolina, had less than a day to
decide what to pack. In wagons and carriages, on horseback and
on foot, the people of Charleston moved sadly past war-damaged
buildings on their way out of the city.
had been deeply involved in the Civil War from the start. Like
other Southern states, South Carolina believed in and defended
slavery. Before the war, the state was the first to declare it
no longer wanted to be part of United States of America. Then,
in April 1861, Confederate troops attacked Fort Sumter in
Charleston Harbor and the war began. It took four years for the
Union to recapture the fort.
On July 10, 1863, the Union
Army began an attack on the city that continued for almost two
years. People lost their lives and many buildings were
destroyed. When Charleston finally surrendered to the North it
was a sad day for Confederates, but a happy day for those who
did not like slavery and wanted the Union to stay together. How
would you feel if you had lived in Charleston during the war?