The Day by Day History of the
Jackson Signed the Treaty of Fort Jackson
August 9, 1814
Do you recognize the man in the photograph?
President Andrew Jackson is on the $20 bill, but the military
knew him as Major General Jackson. The Native Americans called
him Long Knife. Jackson earned his nickname and his reputation
as a ruthless Indian fighter during the Creek War of 1814.
The war began in August 1813, when the Red Sticks, a group
of the Creek Indians, attacked American settlers at Lake Tensaw,
Alabama. Tensions between the frontier settlers and the Creeks
had been brewing since the Revolutionary War era. It was the
settlers' greed that brought on the attack.
moved west, settlers took large amounts of land, often acquired
by unfair means. After the attack at Lake Tensaw, Jackson led
militiamen in the destruction of two Creek villages.
Seven months later, Jackson's forces destroyed the Creek
defenses at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. Eight hundred Creek
warriors were killed and 500 women and children captured.
On August 9, 1814, Jackson signed the Treaty of Fort
Jackson, bringing an end to the war. The Creeks lost 23 million
acres of their land in present-day Alabama and Georgia to the