The Day by Day History of the United States
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The Day by Day History of the United States

April 30Trivia powered by Prof. Walter

  • 1492 Spain gives Christopher Columbus his commission of exploration.

  • 1789 On the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York City, George Washington takes the oath of office to become the first elected President of the United States.

  • 1803 Louisiana Purchase: The United States purchases the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million, more than doubling the size of the young nation.

  • 1812 The Territory of Orleans becomes the 18th U.S. state under the name Louisiana.

  • 1871 The Camp Grant massacre takes place in Arizona Territory.

  • 1885 Governor of New York David B. Hill signs legislation creating the Niagara Reservation, New York's first state park, ensuring that Niagara Falls will not be devoted solely to industrial and commercial use.

  • 1894 Coxey's Army reaches Washington, D.C. to protest the unemployment caused by the Panic of 1893.

  • 1900 Hawaii becomes a territory of the United States, with Sanford B. Dole as governor.

  • 1900 Casey Jones dies in a train wreck in Vaughan, Mississippi, while trying to make up time on the Cannonball Express.

  • 1904 The Louisiana Purchase Exposition World's Fair opens in St. Louis, Missouri.

  • 1907 Honolulu, Hawaii becomes an independent city.

  • 1925 Automaker Dodge Brothers, Inc is sold to Dillon, Read & Company for $146 million plus $50 million for charity.

  • 1927 The Federal Industrial Institute for Women opens in Alderson, West Virginia, as the first women's federal prison in the United States.

  • 1927 Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford become the first celebrities to leave their footprints in concrete at Grauman's Chinese Theater in Hollywood.

  • 1938 The animated cartoon short Porky's Hare Hunt debuts in movie theaters, introducing Happy Rabbit (a prototype of Bugs Bunny).

  • 1938 The first televised FA Cup Final takes place between Huddersfield Town and Preston North End.

  • 1939 The 1939-40 New York World's Fair opens.
    1939 NBC inaugurates its regularly scheduled television service in New York City, broadcasting President Franklin D. Roosevelt's N.Y. World's Fair opening day ceremonial address.

  • 1947 In Nevada, the Boulder Dam is renamed the Hoover Dam a second time.

  • 1953 In Warner Robins, Georgia, an F4 tornado kills 18 people.
    1956 Former Vice President and Senator Alben Barkley dies during a speech in Virginia. He collapses after proclaiming "I would rather be a servant in the house of the lord than sit in the seats of the mighty."

  • 1966 The Church of Satan is established at the Black House in San Francisco, California.

  • 1967 The Aldene Connection opened in Roselle Park, NJ, shutting down the CNJ's Jersey City waterfront terminal and transferring commuters to Newark Penn Station.

  • 1973 Watergate scandal: U.S. President Richard Nixon announces that top White House aides H. R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman and others have resigned.

  • 1975 Fall of Saigon: Communist forces gain control of Saigon. The Vietnam War formally ends with the unconditional surrender of South Vietnamese president Duong Van Minh.

  • 1993 CERN announces World Wide Web protocols will be free.

  • 1995 U.S. President Bill Clinton becomes the first President to visit Northern Ireland.

  • 2004 U.S. media release graphic photos of American soldiers abusing and sexually humiliating Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison.

  • 2009 Chrysler files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.

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