1781 American Revolutionary War:
British and French ships clash in the Battle of Fort Royal
off the coast of Martinique.
1861 American Civil War: Maryland's
House of Delegates votes not to secede from the Union.
1862 American Civil War: New Orleans,
Louisiana falls to Union forces under Admiral David
1864 Theta Xi fraternity is founded at
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, the only fraternity to be
founded during the American Civil War.
1945 World War II: The German army in
Italy unconditionally surrenders to the Allies.
1945 World War II: Start of Operation
Manna and Chowhound.
1945 The Dachau concentration camp is
liberated by United States troops.
1946 The International Military
Tribunal for the Far East convenes and indicts former Prime
Minister of Japan Hideki Tojo and 28 former Japanese leaders
for war crimes.
1946 Father Divine, a controversial
religious leader who claims to be God, marries the
much-younger Edna Rose Ritchings, a celebrated anniversary
in the International Peace Mission movement.
1953 The first U.S. experimental 3D
television broadcast showed an episode of Space Patrol on
Los Angeles ABC affiliate KECA-TV.
1965 Pakistan's Space and Upper
Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) successfully
launches its seventh rocket in its Rehber series.
1967 After refusing induction into the
United States Army the day before (citing religious
reasons), Muhammad Ali is stripped of his boxing title.
1968 The controversial musical Hair, a
product of the hippie counter-culture and sexual revolution
of the 1960s, opens at the Biltmore Theatre on Broadway,
with its song becoming anthems of the anti-Vietnam War
1970 Vietnam War: United States and
South Vietnamese forces invade Cambodia to hunt Viet Cong.
1974 Watergate Scandal: President
Richard Nixon announces the release of edited transcripts of
White House tape recordings relating to the scandal.
1975 Vietnam War: Operation Frequent
Wind: The U.S. begins to evacuate U.S. citizens from Saigon
prior to an expected North Vietnamese takeover. U.S.
involvement in the war comes to an end.
1986 A fire at the Central library of
the City of Los Angeles Public Library damages or destroys
400,000 books and other items.
1986 The Chernobyl Disaster: American
and European Spy Satellites capture the ruins of the 4th
Reactor at the Chernobyl Power Plant
1991 A cyclone strikes the Chittagong
district of southeastern Bangladesh with winds of around 155
miles per hour, killing at least 138,000 people and leaving
as many as 10 million homeless.
1992 Los Angeles riots: Riots in Los
Angeles, California, following the acquittal of police
officers charged with excessive force in the beating of
Rodney King. Over the next three days 53 people are killed
and hundreds of buildings are destroyed.
1997 The Chemical Weapons Convention of
1993 enters into force, outlawing the production,
stockpiling and use of chemical weapons by its signatories.
2004 Dick Cheney and George W. Bush
testify before the 9/11 Commission in a closed, unrecorded
hearing in the Oval Office.
2004 Oldsmobile builds its final car
ending 107 years of production.