1788 – Maryland becomes the seventh state
to ratify the Constitution of the United States.
1869 – Chinese and Irish laborers for the
Central Pacific Railroad working on the First
Transcontinental Railroad lay 10 miles of track in one day,
a feat which has never been matched.
1930 – The first night game in organized
baseball history takes place in Independence, Kansas.
1932 – A vaccine for yellow fever is
announced for use on humans.
1944 – World War II: Nine German E-boats
attacked US and UK units during Exercise Tiger, the
rehearsal for the Normandy landings, killing 946.
1948 – Igor Stravinsky conducted the
premier of his American ballet, Orpheus, in New York City at
New York City Center.
1952 – Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as
Supreme Allied Commander of NATO.
1952 – Occupied Japan: The United States
occupation of Japan ends as the Treaty of San Francisco,
ratified September 8, 1951, comes into force.
1965 – United States occupation of the
Dominican Republic: American troops land in the Dominican
Republic to "forestall establishment of a Communist
dictatorship" and to evacuate U.S. Army troops.
1970 – Vietnam War: U.S. President
Richard M. Nixon formally authorizes American combat troops
to fight communist sanctuaries in Cambodia.
1975 – General Cao Van Vien, chief of the
South Vietnamese military, departs for the US as the North
Vietnamese Army closed in on victory.
1977 – The Budapest Treaty on the
International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms
for the Purposes of Patent Procedure is signed.
1986 – The United States Navy aircraft
carrier USS Enterprise becomes the first
nuclear-powered aircraft carrier to transit the Suez Canal,
navigating from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea to
relieve the USS Coral Sea.
1987 – American engineer Ben Linder is
killed in an ambush by U.S.-funded Contras in northern
1988 – Near Maui, Hawaii, flight attendant
Clarabelle "C.B." Lansing is blown out of Aloha Airlines
Flight 243, a Boeing 737, and falls to her death when part
of the plane's fuselage rips open in mid-flight.
1994 – Former Central Intelligence Agency
counter-intelligence officer and analyst Aldrich Ames pleads
guilty to giving U.S. secrets to the Soviet Union and later
1996 – Whitewater controversy: President
Bill Clinton gives a 4½ hour videotaped testimony for the
2001 – Millionaire Dennis Tito becomes
the world's first space tourist.