1777 – American Revolutionary War: The
Battle of Ridgefield: A British invasion force engages and
defeats Continental Army regulars and militia irregulars at
1805 – First Barbary War: United States
Marines and Berbers attack the Tripolitan city of Derna (The
"shores of Tripoli" part of the Marines' hymn).
1813 – War of 1812: American troops
capture the capital of Upper Canada in the Battle of York
(present day Toronto, Canada).
1861 – American President Abraham Lincoln
suspends the writ of habeas corpus.
1865 – The New York State Senate creates
Cornell University as the state's land grant institution.
1865 – The steamboat SS Sultana,
carrying 2,400 passengers, explodes and sinks in the
Mississippi River, killing 1,700, most of whom are Union
survivors of the Andersonville and Cahaba Prisons.
1911 – Following the resignation and
death of William P. Frye, a compromise is reached to rotate
the office of President pro tempore of the United States
1936 – The United Auto Workers (UAW)
gains autonomy from the American Federation of Labor.
1953 – Operation Moolah is initiated by
U.S. General Mark W. Clark against Communist pilots in the
1974 – 10,000 march in Washington, D.C.,
calling for the impeachment of U.S. President Richard Nixon
1978 – Former United States President
Nixon aide John D. Ehrlichman is released from an Arizona
prison after serving 18 months for Watergate-related crimes.
1981 – Xerox PARC introduces the computer
1987 – The U.S. Department of Justice
bars Austrian President Kurt Waldheim from entering the
United States, saying he had aided in the deportation and
execution of thousands of Jews and others as a German Army
officer during World War II.
2002 – The last successful telemetry from
the NASA space probe Pioneer 10.
2006 – Construction begins on the Freedom
Tower for the new World Trade Center in New York City.
2011 – The April 25–28, 2011 tornado
outbreak devastates parts of the Southeastern United States,
especially the states of Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, and
Tennessee. 205 tornadoes touched down on April 27 alone,
killing more than 300 and injuring hundreds more.