The Day by Day History of the
1607 – English colonists make landfall at
Cape Henry, Virginia.
1805 – First Barbary War: United States
Marines captured Derne under the command of First Lieutenant
1865 – American Civil War: Confederate
General Joseph E. Johnston surrenders his army to General
William Tecumseh Sherman at the Bennett Place near Durham,
North Carolina. Also the date of Confederate Memorial Day
for two states.
1865 – Union cavalry troopers corner and
shoot dead John Wilkes Booth, assassin of President Lincoln,
1945 – World War II: Filipino troops of
the 66th Infantry Regiment, Philippine Commonwealth Army,
USAFIP-NL and the American troops of the 33rd and 37th
Infantry Division, United States Army are liberated in
Baguio City and they fight against the Japanese forces under
General Tomoyuki Yamashita.
1946 – Naperville train disaster kills
1956 – SS Ideal X, the world's first
successful container ship, leaves Port Newark, New Jersey
for Houston, Texas.
1958 – Final run of the Baltimore and
Ohio Railroad's Royal Blue from Washington, D.C., to New
York City after 68 years, the first U.S. passenger train to
use electric locomotives.
1962 – NASA's Ranger 4 spacecraft crashes
into the Moon.
1981 – Dr. Michael R. Harrison of the
University of California, San Francisco Medical Center
performs the world's first human open fetal surgery.
1991 – Seventy tornadoes break out in the
central United States. Before the outbreak's end, Andover,
Kansas, would record the year's only F5 tornado (see
Andover, Kansas Tornado Outbreak).