1534 Jacques Cartier begins the voyage
during which he discovers Canada and Labrador.
1657 Freedom of religion is granted to
the Jews of New Amsterdam (later New York City).
1775 American Revolutionary War: the
Siege of Boston begins, following the battles at Lexington
1789 President George Washington
arrives in Philadelphia after his inauguration to elaborate
welcome at Gray's Ferry just after noon first inauguration
of George Washington
1836 U.S. Congress passes an act
creating the Wisconsin Territory.
1861 American Civil War: Robert E. Lee
resigns his commission in the United States Army in order to
command the forces of the state of Virginia.
1871 The Civil Rights Act of 1871
1912 Opening day for baseball's Tiger
Stadium in Detroit, Michigan, and Fenway Park in Boston.
1914 19 men, women, and children die in
the Ludlow Massacre during a Colorado coal-miner's strike.
1916 The Chicago Cubs play their first
game at Weeghman Park (currently Wrigley Field), defeating
the Cincinnati Reds 7-6 in 11 innings.
1926 Western Electric and Warner Bros.
announce Vitaphone, a process to add sound to film.
1939 Billie Holiday records the first
civil rights song "Strange Fruit".
1945 World War II: US troops capture
Leipzig, Germany, only to later cede the city to the Soviet
1945 World War II: Fόhrerbunker: Adolf
Hitler makes his last trip to the surface to award Iron
Crosses to boy soldiers of the Hitler Youth.
1946 The League of Nations officially
dissolves, giving most of its power to the United Nations.
1961 Failure of the Bay of Pigs
Invasion of US-backed Cuban exiles against Cuba.
1972 Apollo 16, commanded by John
Young, lands on the moon.
1980 Climax of Berber Spring in Algeria
as hundreds of Berber political activists are arrested.
1985 The ATF raids The Covenant, The
Sword, and the Arm of the Lord compound in northern
1999 Columbine High School massacre:
Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 13 people and injure 24
others before committing suicide at Columbine High School in
2007 Johnson Space Center shooting:
William Phillips with a handgun barricades himself in NASA's
Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas before killing a male
hostage and himself.
2008 Danica Patrick wins the Indy Japan
300 becoming the first female driver in history to win an
Indy car race.
2010 The Deepwater Horizon drilling rig
explodes in the Gulf of Mexico, killing eleven workers and
beginning an oil spill that would last six months.