The Day by Day History of the United States
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The Day by Day History of the United States

April 20Trivia powered by Prof. Walter

  • 1534 – Jacques Cartier begins the voyage during which he discovers Canada and Labrador.

  • 1657 – Freedom of religion is granted to the Jews of New Amsterdam (later New York City).

  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: the Siege of Boston begins, following the battles at Lexington and Concord.

  • 1789 – President George Washington arrives in Philadelphia after his inauguration to elaborate welcome at Gray's Ferry just after noon first inauguration of George Washington

  • 1836 – U.S. Congress passes an act creating the Wisconsin Territory.

  • 1861 – American Civil War: Robert E. Lee resigns his commission in the United States Army in order to command the forces of the state of Virginia.

  • 1871 – The Civil Rights Act of 1871 becomes law.

  • 1912 – Opening day for baseball's Tiger Stadium in Detroit, Michigan, and Fenway Park in Boston.

  • 1914 – 19 men, women, and children die in the Ludlow Massacre during a Colorado coal-miner's strike.

  • 1916 – The Chicago Cubs play their first game at Weeghman Park (currently Wrigley Field), defeating the Cincinnati Reds 7-6 in 11 innings.

  • 1926 –Western Electric and Warner Bros. announce Vitaphone, a process to add sound to film.

  • 1939 – Billie Holiday records the first civil rights song "Strange Fruit".

  • 1945 – World War II: US troops capture Leipzig, Germany, only to later cede the city to the Soviet Union.

  • 1945 – World War II: Fόhrerbunker: Adolf Hitler makes his last trip to the surface to award Iron Crosses to boy soldiers of the Hitler Youth.

  • 1946 – The League of Nations officially dissolves, giving most of its power to the United Nations.

  • 1961 – Failure of the Bay of Pigs Invasion of US-backed Cuban exiles against Cuba.

  • 1972 – Apollo 16, commanded by John Young, lands on the moon.

  • 1980 – Climax of Berber Spring in Algeria as hundreds of Berber political activists are arrested.

  • 1985 – The ATF raids The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord compound in northern Arkansas.

  • 1999 – Columbine High School massacre: Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 13 people and injure 24 others before committing suicide at Columbine High School in Columbine, Colorado.

  • 2007 – Johnson Space Center shooting: William Phillips with a handgun barricades himself in NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas before killing a male hostage and himself.

  • 2008 – Danica Patrick wins the Indy Japan 300 becoming the first female driver in history to win an Indy car race.

  • 2010 – The Deepwater Horizon drilling rig explodes in the Gulf of Mexico, killing eleven workers and beginning an oil spill that would last six months.

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