1689 –Bostonians rise up in rebellion
against Sir Edmund Andros.
1775 –American Revolution: The British
advancement by sea begins; Paul Revere and other riders warn
the countryside of the troop movements.
1831 – The University of Alabama is
1848 – American victory at the battle of
Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico.
1880 – An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield,
Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.
1881 – Billy the Kid escapes from the
Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.
1906 – An earthquake and fire destroy
much of San Francisco, California.
1912 – The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia
brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City.
1923 – Yankee Stadium, "The House that
Ruth Built", opens.
1924 – Simon & Schuster publishes the
first crossword puzzle book.
1936 –The first Champions Day is
celebrated in Detroit, Michigan.
1942 –World War II: The Doolittle Raid on
Japan. Tokyo, Yokohama, Kobe and Nagoya are bombed.
1943 – World War II: Operation Vengeance,
Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto is killed when his aircraft is shot
down by U.S. fighters over Bougainville Island.
1945 – Over 1,000 bombers attack the
small island of Heligoland, Germany.
1946 – The International Court of Justice
holds its inaugural meeting in The Hague, Netherlands.
1949 – The keel for the aircraft carrier
USS United States is laid down at Newport
News Drydock and Shipbuilding. However, construction is
canceled five days later, resulting in the Revolt of the
1958 – A United States federal court
rules that poet Ezra Pound be released from an insane
1961 – The Vienna Convention on
Diplomatic Relations, a cornerstone of modern international
relations, is adopted.
1981 – The longest professional baseball
game is begun in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. The game is
suspended at 4:00 the next morning and finally completed on
1983 – A suicide bomber destroys the
United States embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, killing 63 people.
1988 –The United States launches
Operation Praying Mantis against Iranian naval forces in the
largest naval battle since World War II.
2007 – The Supreme Court of the United
States upholds the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in a 5-4