1818 The United States Senate ratifies
the Rush-Bagot Treaty, establishing the border with Canada.
1862 American Civil War: Battle at
Lee's Mills in Virginia.
1862 American Civil War: The District
of Columbia Compensated Emancipation Act, a bill ending
slavery in the District of Columbia, becomes law.
1863 American Civil War: Siege of
Vicksburg ships led by Union Admiral David Dixon Porter
move through heavy Confederate artillery fire on approach to
1881 In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat
Masterson fights his last gun battle.
1908 Natural Bridges National Monument
is established in Utah.
1910 The oldest existing indoor ice
hockey arena still used for the sport in the 21st century,
Boston Arena, opens for the first time.
1912 Harriet Quimby becomes the first
woman to fly an airplane across the English Channel.
1941 Bob Feller of the Cleveland Indians
throws the only Opening Day no-hitter in the history of
Major League Baseball, beating the Chicago White Sox 1-0.
1945 The United States Army liberates
Nazi Sonderlager (high security) prisoner-of-war camp Oflag
IV-C (better known as Colditz).
1947 Texas City Disaster: An explosion
on board a freighter in port causes the city of Texas City,
Texas, to catch fire, killing almost 600.
1947 Bernard Baruch coins the term
"Cold War" to describe the relationship between the United
States and the Soviet Union.
1962 Walter Cronkite takes over as the
lead news anchor of the CBS Evening News, during which time
he would become "the most trusted man in America".
1963 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. pens
his Letter from Birmingham Jail while incarcerated in
Birmingham, Alabama for protesting against segregation.
1972 Apollo program: The launch of
Apollo 16 from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
1990 The "Doctor of Death", Jack
Kevorkian, participates in his first assisted suicide.
2007 Virginia Tech massacre: Seung-Hui
Cho guns down 32 people and injures 23 before committing