1613 Samuel Argall captures American
Indian princess Pocahontas in Passapatanzy, Virginia to
ransom her for some English prisoners held by her father.
She is brought to Henricus as hostage.
1777 American Revolutionary War:
American forces are ambushed and defeated in the Battle of
Bound Brook, New Jersey.
1796 The first elephant ever seen in
the United States arrives from India.
1861 American Civil War: Fort Sumter
surrenders to Confederate forces.
1870 The New York City Metropolitan
Museum of Art is founded.
1873 The Colfax massacre, in which more
than 60 African Americans are murdered, takes place.
1902 James C. Penney opens his first
store in Kemmerer, Wyoming.
1919 Eugene V. Debs is imprisoned at
the Atlanta Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia, for
speaking out against the draft during World War I.
1943 The Jefferson Memorial is
dedicated in Washington, D.C., on the 200th anniversary of
President Thomas Jefferson's birth.
1953 CIA director Allen Dulles launches
the mind-control program MKULTRA.
1958 Cold War: American Van Cliburn
wins the inaugural International Tchaikovsky Competition in
1960 The United States launches Transit
1-B, the world's first satellite navigation system.
1964 At the Academy Awards, Sidney
Poitier becomes the first African-American male to win the
Best Actor award for the 1963 film Lilies of the Field.
1970 An oxygen tank aboard Apollo 13
explodes, putting the crew in great danger and causing major
damage to the spacecraft while en route to the Moon.
1972 Vietnam War: The Battle of An Loc
1974 Western Union (in cooperation with
NASA and Hughes Aircraft) launches the United States' first
commercial geosynchronous communications satellite, Westar
1976 The United States Treasury
Department reintroduces the two-dollar bill as a Federal
Reserve Note on Thomas Jefferson's 233rd birthday as part of
the United States Bicentennial celebration.
1992 The Great Chicago flood devastates
much of central Chicago.
1997 Tiger Woods becomes the youngest
golfer to win the Masters Tournament.